The American Civil War    
  Seven Pines (Fair Oaks); 31 May-1June 1862
McMlellan's Peninsular Campaign
  Game starts 1pm, ends 7pm, 1game turn=1hour, figure scale 1:200, visibility in woods = 5"
     
  Brief background
The Confederate retreat in the face of McLellan's advance caused consternation in Richmond, the Confederate capital. Why was so much ground ceded to the Union forces without a fight? Johnston appeared happy just to get away from McClellan. Confederate President Davis and Robert E Lee called a meeting and concluded that Richmond had to be defended at all costs. Meanwhile, the weather was foul and the roads and countryside were reduced to quagmires, slowing the Union advance to a crawl of 3-4 miles per day. One soldier mentioned seeing a mule so deep in the mud that only its ears were visible. By 30 May, VI Corps of Brig Gnl Keys had reached Seven Pines, a mere 25km from Richmond. In the early hours of 31 May, the Confederate army started moving into position for its counterstrike. A Confederate cavalry trooper recalled: "Saturday morning, the 31st, was dull and wet… the roads were flooded and the woods were weeping." Unsurprisingly then perhaps, the movements of the Confederate formations became entangled and it was only at 1pm that part of the Confederate assault was launched, uncoordinated. Johnston meanwhile was still in the rear and due to a freak acoustic cul-de-sac, was unaware of the start of the battle.
 
     
 
     
Time table day 1
13:00 start
14:00  
15:00  
16:00  
17:00  
18:00  
19:00  
     
 

Game notes
- Leaders marked E are excellent
- Attached artillery must remain in contact with the brigade, either on the left, the right, or within the unit's front line or on the flank of a column. Attached artillery must nevertheless limber and unlimber to keep in tandem with its unit, although it may be left behind when the unit charges,
- Units of more than 10 stands may be split into 2 sub-units, but must remain within 3" of each other. They suffer attrition as if they were 1 unit.
- There are no bonuses for movement on the roads and Artillery movement is halved.
- Only the major roads are indicated on the map, since all roads are pretty irrelevant anyway, except as indicators of direction.
- Cavalry: although some cavalry appears to have been present, it may only operate in dismounted fashion.
- Railroad: infantry move move in march column or by the flank along the railroad. It proffers movement advantages like a road in good conditions, but cannot be used by artillery. It has a low embankment and provides cover to troops behind it when fired at (-1), and provides a +1 modifier when defending it.

Command spent factor
In order to prevent games dragging on until the last units are defeated, we have introduced 'command spent factors'. For this game, a command will roughly equal a brigade. When a brigade is reduced to its spent level, the brigade must move off the table. Spent units would be removed, but non-spent units must retreat in good order at full speed, i.e. facing away from the enemy. Deductions for terrain and interpenetration apply as normal. Where artillery is attached to a command, this has added 1 factor to the command spent level. If the command is forced to retreat, so will such artillery.

 
     
 
 
 
     
     
 
Day 1 - 31 May 1862
UNION FORCES
IV CORPS
C-in-C: BrigGen Erasmus D. Keys
3rd Division: Brigade General Silas Casey
1st Brigade - BG Naglee 11 Maine, 56 & 100 NY, 52 & 104 Pennsylvania 1840 9/8/5 green
2nd Brigade - BG Wessels 96 NY, 85, 101 & 103 Pennsylvania 1600 8/7/5 green
3rd Brigade - BG Palmer E 81, 85, 92 & 98 NY 1600 8/7/5 green
Cavalry 8th Pennsylvania Cavalry + 6th NY Co.B 600 3/-/2 green
Division spent factor 28/-/17
Division Artillery Batteries A & H, 1st New York Light Artillery   1 stand  
  7th & 8th NY Independent batteries   1 stand  
1st Division: Brigade General Darius Couch
1st Brigade - BG Peck 55 & 62 NY, 93 & 102 Pennsylvania 1600 8/7/5 green
2nd Brigade - BG Abercrombie 65 & 67 NY, 23 & 61 Pennsylvania 1600 8/7/5 green
3rd Brigade - BG Devens 7 & 10 Massachusets, 36 NY 1150 6/5/4 green
Division spent factor 22/-/14
Division Artillery Batteries C & D, 1st Pennsylvania Light Artillery   1 stand  
  Batteries E & H, 1st Pennsylvania Light Artillery   1 stand  
From III CORPS
3rd Division: Brigade General Phillip Kearny  Excellent arrives at 4pm
3rd Brigade - BG Berry  E 2, 3, 5 Michigan; 37 NY 1400 7/6/4 green
1st Brigade - BG Jameson 87 NY; 57, 63 & 105 Pennsylvania 1400 7/6/4 green
2nd Brigade - BG Birney  E 3 & 4 Maine; 38 & 40 NY 1400 7/6/4 green
Cavalry 3rd Pennsylvania Cavalry 500 3/-/2 green
Division spent factor 24/-/14
Division Artillery Bty B, N Jersey Light Art; Bty E, 1st Rhode Island Light Art; Bty G, 2nd U.S. Artillery   1 stand  
From II CORPS
2nd Division: Brigade General John Sedgwick  Excellent arrives at 3pm
1st Brigade - BG Gorman 15 Massachusetts, 1 Minesota, 34 & 82 NY 2760 14/12/8 green
2nd Brigade - BG Burns  E 69, 71, 72 & 106 Pennsylvania 2760 14/12/8 green
3rd Brigade - BG Dana 19 & 20 Massachusetts; 7 Michigan; 42 NY 2070 10/8/6 green
Division spent factor 38/-/22
Division Artillery Batteries A & B, 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery   1 stand  
  Btry G, 1st Rhode Island L Art & Btry I, 1st U.S. Art   1 stand  
From II CORPS
1st Division: Brigade General Israel B. Richardson
arrives at sunset, too late to affect the battle
 
     
 
CONFEDERATE FORCES
C-in-C: Gen Joseph E. Johnston only arrives at 4pm
(MG Gustavus Smith will take over as C-in-C if Johnston is disabled in action, as he was historically)
RIGHT WING
Right wing commander: MG James Longstreet  Excellent
Division Maj Gnl D. H. Hill
Garland's Brigade  E 5 & 23 N Carolina, 24 & 38 Virginia, 2 Florida, 2 Mississippi 2760 14/12/8 green
Rodes' Brigade  E 5, 6, 12 Alabama; 12 Mississippi 3450 17/14/10 green
  attached art: 4th Virginia Hvy Art & Carter's Bty   1 stand  
Anderson's Brigade 27 & 28 Georgia; 4 North Carolina; 49 Virginia 2530 12/10/7 green
Rains' Brigade 13 & 26 Alabama; 6 & 23 Georgia 2070 10/8/6 green
Brigade spent factor 53/-/31
Division Artillery Hardway's (Alabama) Battery & Rhett's (South Carolina) Battery   1 stand  
from Division BG Richard H. Anderson arrives at 2pm
Jenkin's Brigade  E 4, 5, 6 S. Carolina, Palmetto sharpshooters, 1st Louisiana Zouaves, St. Paul's (Virginia) Foot Rifles 2530 13/11/8 green
  attached art: Stribling's (Virginia) Battery   1 stand  
Pickett's Brigade  E 8, 18, 19 & 28 Virginia 2760 14/12/8 green
  attached art: Dearing's (Virginia) Battery incorporated with Jenkins    
Kemper's Brigade  E 1, 7, 11 & 17 Virginia 3000 15/13/9 green
Brigade spent factor 45/-/26
Division Artillery Maurin's (Louisiana) Bty & 2nd Co, Brown's (Virginia) Howitzers   1 stand  
LEFT WING
Left wing commander: MG Gustavus Smith
Division BG William H.C. Whiting arrives at 4pm
(Whiting) Law's Brigade  E 4 Alabama; 2 Mississippi; 6 North Carolina 2600 13/11/8 green
  attached art: Balthis' (Virginia) Battery   1 stand  
Pettigrew's Brigade 2 Arkansas; 35 Georgia; 22 N Carolina; 47 Virginia 2400 12/10/7 green
  attached art: Andrew's (Maryland) Battery incorporated with Law    
Hampton's Brigade  E 14 & 19 Georgia; 16 N Carolina; Hampton's Legion 2600 13/11/8 green
  attached art: Moody's (Louisiana) Battery   1 stand  
Hatton's Brigade 1, 7, 14 Tennessee 2200 11/9/6 green
  attached art: Braxton's (Virginia) Battery incorporated with Hampton    
Hood's Brigade  E 18 Georgia; 1, 4, 5 Texas 2300 11/9/6 green
Brigade spent factor 60/-/37
 
 
 
 
Capture of Union redoubt on day 1 (Osprey)
 
     
 
Day 2 - 01 June 1862 Start: 6am
During the night, the forces that fought on 31 May were reorganised and additional troops reinforced the lines. At 6 in the morning, the fighting recommenced. The forces below are added to the remnants of the two armies that fought on day 1.
 
     
  Game notes for day 2
- All disordered, low on ammo and silenced markers are removed.
- Captured troops and batteries, and wrecked batteries are not replaced.
- Half of other casualties (rounded down) are replaced.
- Brigades from day 1 that don't reach more than half their strength after adjustments for day 2, may no longer take part in the battle.
- Captured or lost generals are replaced, but never with Excellent ones.
- In the event that troops end day 1 in positions where the the day 2 dispositions would be unrealistic, the necessary adjustments will be made to the day 2 map.
 
Time table day 2
06:00 start
07:00  
08:00  
09:00  
10:00  
11:00  
12:00  
13:00  
 
     
 
UNION
From II CORPS
Corps commander: BG Edwin V. Sumner
1st Division: Brigade General Israel B. Richardson  Excellent
1st Brigade - BG Howard  E 5 N Hampshire, 61 & 64 NY, 81 Pennsylviania 2800 14/12/8 green
2nd Brigade - BG Meagher  E 63, 69 & 88 NY 2400 12/10/7 green
3rd Brigade - BG French  E 52, 57 & 66 NY, 53 Pennsylviania 2800 14/12/8 green
Division spent factor 40/-/25
Division Artillery Batteries B & G, 1st New York Light Artillery   1 stand  
  Batteries A & C, 4th U.S. Artillery   1 stand  
From III CORPS
Corps commander: BG S.Heintzelman
2nd Division: Brigade General Joseph Hooker  Excellent
2nd Brigade - BG Sickles  E 70, 71, 72, 73 & 74 NY 3200 16/13/9 green
3rd Brigade - BG Patterson 5, 6, 7 & 8 N Jersey 1800 9/8/5 green
Division spent factor 25/-/14
CONFEDERATE
From the RIGHT WING, Anderson's Division
Wilcox's Brigade  E 9, 10 & 11 Alabama; 19 Mississippi 3000 15/13/9 green
Pryor's Brigade 8 & 14 Alabama; 14 Luoisiana, 32 Virginia 2400 12/10/7 green
  attached: Macon's (Virginia) Battery (incl Wilcox Art)   1 stand  
Colston's Brigade 13 & 14 North Carolina; 3rd Virginia 2000 10/8/6 green
Brigade spent factor 37/-/22
Division Maj Gnl Benjamin Huger
Armistead's Brigade  E 9, 14 & 53 Virginia 2400 12/10/7 green
Mahone's Brigade 3 Alabama; 12 & 41 Virginia 2800 14/12/8 green
Brigade spent factor 26/-/15
Division Artillery Turner's & Huger's (Virginia) Batteries   1 stand