The 1st Punic war    
  The Battle of Agrigentum (Akragas) - 261BC   1 unit = 800 HI, 400 LH, 600 LMI & Cv, 400 LI
     
 
Background:
When the Mamertine occupants of the harbour city of Messene, in Sicily, asked Rome for assistance against Syracuse and Carthage, the Roman senate was divided in its opinion. The Mamertine mercenaries had unlawfully taken possession of Messene while they were guests there. They had killed the male population, divided the women amongst themselves and taken ownership of the city. When they came in conflict with the tyrant of the city of Syracuse and with Carthage, they begged Rome to help them as a 'kindred people', since they were both from Italy. Assistance was hardly justifiable, but some in Rome had started fearing the expanding power of Carthage. Conflict with the Etruscans had stopped and this seemed a good time to embark on a new war. Still, the Senate refused to send an army. The two Consuls for the year thought differently though. They were Rome's generals and their term in office gave them a unique opportunity to enhance their reputation and increase their wealth. They drove through the decision to send a military expedition to Sicily and thus started the conflict that would lead to the Punic Wars and the ultimate destruction of Carthage. Consul Appius Claudius was appointed to command the expedition, which set out in 264BC. The Roman expedition was delayed and the frustrated Mamertines again approached Carthage. But the die was cast. The first crossing of the Roman fleet from Italy to Sicily was defeated by the Carthaginians, but eventually the Romans sailed into Messene harbour and drove off all opposition. The fighting had been piecemeal, but in 263, Rome voted to send 2 consuls with 4 legions and up the pace. Several Sicilian cities were captured and more switched sides to the Romans. Syracuse too made peace with Rome and the Consuls could henceforth concentrate on the conquest of the Carthaginian Western part of Sicily. In 262BC, the Romans besieged a sizeable Carthaginian army at their base in the city of Akragas. The lengthy siege took its toll and Carthage sent a large army to its rescue. For the first time ever, they were using elephants. After lengthy skirmishing, both commanders drew up their forces and prepared for the first pitched battle of the war in early 261BC.
 
     
 
CARTHAGINIAN ARMY Carthaginian - list 55
Command: +2 Army demoralisation value: 98
  Command 1         command strength 40
CinC Hanno detached competent  +1 CP Range: 6UD      
units Troop description type Quality move strength Range M ft M mtd Abilities & notes
12 10000 veteran Punic infantry HI spear Elite 2UD 5   4 5 armour
12 10000 other Punic/Libyan infantry MI spear Mediocre 2UD 5   4 5 no armour
3 60 elephants EL Mediocre 3UD 5 1UD 4 5  -1 fire
  Command 2         command strength 44
Sub Mercenary general included poor  +0 CP Range: 4UD      
units Troop description type Quality move strength Range M ft M mtd Abilities & notes
4 2400 Spanish/Gallic cavalry* MC Ordinary 4UD 5   3 3 no armour; evade
8 5000 Iberian Scutarii LMI javelin Elite 3UD 4   3 2  +1 impact vs foot; no armour; evade
18 11000 Gallic warriors LMI warband Ordinary 3UD 4   3 2 no armour; +1 impact vs inf; +1 rear support; furious charge; impetuous
12 5000 Spanish/Numidian skirmishers LI javelin Ordinary 3UD 2 1UD 2 1  -1 fire; +1 javelin vs LI & LH; evade
  Command 3         command strength 14
Sub Carthaginian general detached competent  +1 CP Range: 6UD      
units Troop description type Quality move strength Range M ft M mtd Abilities & notes
3 1600 Punic and Spanish cavalry HC Ordinary 4UD 5   3 3 armour; evade
5 2000 Numidian light horse LH Elite 5UD 3 1UD 2 2 no armour; evade
 
     
 
ROMAN ARMY Republican Roman - list 53
Command: +3 Army demoralisation value: 70
  Right Wing         command strength 29
CinC Lucius Postumius, Consul detached competent  +1 CP Range: 6UD      
units Troop description type Quality move strength Range M ft M mtd Abilities & notes
12 4800 Roman Velites LI javelin Ordinary 3UD 2 1UD 2 1  -1 fire; +1 jav vs LI & LH; evade
6 4800 Roman Hastati HI swordsmen Ordinary 2UD 5   5 4 armour; +1 impact vs foot
6 4800 Roman Principes HI swordsmen Ordinary 2UD 5   5 4 armour; +1 impact vs foot
3 2400 Roman Triarii HI spear Elite 2UD 5   4 5 armour
4 2200 Roman & allied cavalry HC Ordinary 4UD 5   3 3 armour; evade
  Centre         command strength 25
Sub Quintus Mamilius detached competent  +1 CP Range: 6UD      
units Troop description type Quality move strength Range M ft M mtd Abilities & notes
12 4800 Roman Velites LI javelin Ordinary 3UD 2 1UD 2 1  -1 fire; +1 jav vs LI & LH; evade
6 4800 Roman Hastati HI swordsmen Ordinary 2UD 5   5 4 armour; +1 impact vs foot
6 4800 Roman Principes HI swordsmen Ordinary 2UD 5   5 4 armour; +1 impact vs foot
3 2400 Roman Triarii HI spear Elite 2UD 5   4 5 armour
  Left Wing         command strength 16
Sub Syracusan general detached competent  +1 CP Range: 6UD      
units Troop description type Quality move strength Range M ft M mtd Abilities & notes
6 5000 Sicilian hoplites HI spear Mediocre 2UD 5   4 5 armour
3 1800 Sicilian cavalry MC Ordinary 4UD 4   3 3 no armour; evade
3 1800 peltasts LMI javelin Ordinary 3UD 4 1UD 3 2 no armour; evade
6 2400 archers LI bow Ordinary 3UD 2 2UD 2 1  -1 fire; evade
 
 
 
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