Hohenlinden    
  3 December 1800   scale: 1:150, weather = snow and sleet, start: 6am, dark: 5pm, time scale: 1 game turn = 1h
 

Background:
Moreau had had the better of his Austrian opponent but failed to press his advantage with energy, annoying some of his sub-generals, one of whom, Gouvion Saint-Cyr, left the army pleading ill-health. It would take until Moreau heard that Napoleon's campaign was progressing well that he rediscovered his own vigour and moved to defeat Kray at Hochstadt on June 19 and Erzherzog Ferdinand near Landshut on July 7. On July 15, the warring parties signed a truce that put an end to the fighting and the dismal Kray was relieved of his duties. Discredited and demoralised, he retired to his estates to end his life in exile. For his part, Moreau had demonstrated that he remained a potential rival to Napoleon, even if he lacked the latter's energy. The defeats in Italy and Germany did not stop Austria from continuing the war. Napoleon's offer to the Austrian Kaiser of a permanent peace was thwarted by a counter offer from Great Britain to continue the war, supported by an interest- free loan of two million pounds from that nation. In order to gain time to reconstruct its army, Austria sent a diplomatic delegation to Paris to explore the conditions for a lasting peace. Although the mission was an exercise in futility, the draft treaty it produced had shown the Austrian party to be unequal to negotiating with French foreign minister Talleyrand and Napoleon. In Vienna, the debate to continue the war heated up again. The war party, led by Chancellor Thugut, wanted to resume hostilities without delay, whereas Archduke Charles was opposed to renewing the war. In the view of the wife of the British ambassador to Vienna, the only capable Austrian politician and the only capable general could not see eye to eye. In the event, both men washed their hands of the prickly situation Austria found itself in. The hardnosed Thugut resigned and Charles feebly declined command on grounds that he was ill. As a result, his 18-year-old brother Archduke Johann, untested youth that he was, was appointed to supreme command of the remaining Austrian forces. Sixty-five-year-old Baron von Lauer, an expert in fortifications and siege warfare, was appointed to second the young commander-in-chief for all the wisdom and know-how he was worth. This odd combination of youthful ambition, subordinated to ageing caution, did not bode well for Austria's military ambition. Since Marengo, Napoleon had gained the stature to give instructions that had to be obeyed. Still, he treated Moreau with care. He had little doubt that hostilities would resume and secured Moreau's flanks with armies commanded by trusted friends and commanders. On September 1, the army of the Rhine marched towards Munich. The French army was high on confidence, the result of an uninterrupted string of victories and successes. Mostly veteran, it was commanded by generals who had earned their position in the hard school of revolutionary meritocracy. But that did not phase Archduke Johann. His regiments were replenished to full strength and British money had purchased 30000 Bavarians. Regrettably, the Austrian footsloggers called these mercenaries 'beggar soldiers'. Aided by yet another adviser, the combative chief of staff Weyrother, the Austrian high command devised a rapid offensive aimed at splitting Moreau's forces, cutting his line of retreat or smashing his left wing. Tactically sound, they reckoned without the Habsburg tradition of low mobility. The soldiers were simply not accustomed to hard marching. And while Moreau was slow compared to Napoleon, his speed of movement still surprised the Austrians. In the end, the armies collided amid the wooded hills around Hohenlinden, terrain eminently suited to the enterprising spirit of the French soldier. Yet, the Austrians had achieved an important advantage. Whereas the overall odds of 200000 French versus 125000 Austrians over the entire campaigning area represented a 5 to 3 disadvantage against the Habsburgs, their focused strategy had resulted in a numerical advantage at the point of contact. An eager Archduke Johann encountered French forces in the woods west of the small town of Ampfing, well east of Hohenlinden and promptly launched his offensive in two large columns of combined arms, not realising in the restricted terrain that he only faced an advance guard of 2 French divisions that conducted a fighting withdrawal. That was December 1. Archduke Charles and the Austrian headquarters were ecstatic. The Austrians had lost more prisoners than the French and their flanking columns, artillery and cavalry had not kept pace with their infantry, and Lauer urged caution. But Johann and Weyrother saw a great opportunity now that the French were 'on the run'. Moreau was indeed surprised to find himself attacked by a foe he intended to attack instead. Johann expected the decisive battle to take place the next day but his patrols reported that the French had withdrawn further West. It was further proof of the success of his offensive and he prepared to strike on December 3, formulating all kinds of unfounded conclusions and throwing all caution to the wind in the rush to get at the French. Orders were issued for the columns to march to Hohenlinden at full speed, without pausing for the artillery to keep pace. "even if the columns reached their objectives without a single cannon, it would be preferable to hesitating and ... to smash 'Moreau's rear guard'". Likewise, the cavalry was not to wait for flat, open ground before engaging. (sic) Archduke Johann, Chief of Staff Weyrother and their sycophants were riding the wave of euphoria. Glory beckoned. Never mind that the footsloggers were dredging in long, strung-out columns along sodden forest roads, unaware of who marched to their left or right, or what lay ahead. As for Moreau, the impact of the Austrian assault had sharpened his senses. It was necessary to be on full alert for the coming confrontation.

Game notes:
- The weather was not great, snow ans sleet, occasionallly intense so that visibility reduced. But the accounts don't make much of it so the game can be played as normal or with a set of random cards, one of which should be drawn per game turn. A few, perhaps 3 for the entire game, will indicate reduced visibility for that turn only. terrain set up by the players.
- Austrian cavalry operate in single line only (marching in column of march)
- All Austrian Horse Artillery is slow horse artillery - SHA

Terrain:
As per the rules. However, there can be no haystacks or features that indicate it is harvesting season. There can be a maximum of 5 forests and a minimum of 4. There can be a stream but no river.

Objectives:
Defeat each other.

Historical outcome:
French victory.

 
 
 
 
FRENCH ARMY uses French system Initiative 4
                    Army
  troop men sub bn status training stands + 1st  skir- Breaking
  type   units art?   class factors fire? mish? Point
C-in-C: Gnl Moreau competent, bold  
Chief of Staff: Desolles competent, bold  
 
Right Wing of the army  
Division Grouchy competent, bold  
Brigade Grandjean competent, bold  
108th Demi-Brigade de Ligne C/O 2234 2   veteran A 5/3/2   3 2
46th Demi-Brigade de Ligne C/O 2298 2   veteran A 5/3/2   3 2
57th Demi-Brig de Ligne - 'La Terrible' C/O 2353 2   veteran A 5/3/2   all 2
not sufficient artillery to list - added to HA 6
Brigade Boyé competent, bold
6th cavalry HC 272 1   veteran A 1/-/-      
11th Chasseurs a cheval LC 500 1   veteran A 2/1/-      
4th Hussars LC 627 1   veteran A 3/2/-      
Horse Artillery HA 6 x 6 pdr     veteran   1      
0
Cavalry Division d'Hautpoul competent, bold
Brigade d'Espagne
1st & 2nd Carabiniers + 137 hussars HC 925 2   veteran A 4/3/1     1
8th & 9th Cavalry HC 653 1   veteran A 3/2/-      
9th Cavalry HC 337 1   veteran A 3/2/1     1
Horse Artillery HA 6 x 6 pdr     veteran   1      
2
Artillery Reserve
Foot Artillery FA 6 x 6 pdr     veteran   1      
Division Richepanse superior, bold enters on road on right flank at 8am
Brigade Walther competent, bold
1/14th Legere S/O 849 1   veteran A 2/1/-   all  
48th Demi-Brigade de Ligne C/O 2192 1   veteran A 4/3/1   2 1
Foot Artillery FA 7 x 6 pdr     veteran   1      
1
Brigade Drouet competent, bold
8th Demi-Brigade de Ligne C/O 2680 2   veteran A 6/4/2   3 2
27th Demi-Brigade de Ligne C/O 2438 1   veteran A 5/3/2   3 2
4
Brigade Sahuc competent, bold
10th cavalry HC 300 1   veteran A 1/-/-      
5th Hussars LC 596 1   veteran A 3/2/-      
Horse Artillery HA 7 x 6 pdr     veteran   1      
0
Brigade Lorcet competent, bold
1st Chasseurs a cheval LC 610 2   veteran A 4/3/1     1
20th Chasseurs a cheval LC 698 2   trained A 4/3/2     2
3
Division Decaen competent, bold enters south of road on right flank at 10am
Brigade Debilly competent, bold
2nd & 3rd/14th Legere S/O 1451 1   veteran A 3/2/1   all 1
4th Demi-Brigade de Ligne C/O 2000 1   veteran A 4/3/1   2 1
100th Demi-Brigade de Ligne C/O 1992 1   trained A 4/3/2   2 2
not sufficient artillery to list - added to HA 4
Brigade Kniaziewicz competent, bold
Polish Legion C/O 2312 2   veteran A 5/3/2   3 2
Polish Uhlans LCL 400 1   veteran A 2/1/-      
not sufficient artillery to list - added to HA 2
Brigade Durutte competent, bold
10th Dragoons MC 442 1   trained A 2/-/1     1
6th Chasseurs a cheval LC 665 2   veteran A 4/3/1     1
10th Chasseurs a cheval LC 562 2   trained A 4/3/2     2
Horse Artillery HA 6 x 6 pdr     veteran   1      
4
Left Wing of the army
Gnl de Division Grenier competent, bold
Division Ney superior, bold
Brigade Bonet competent, bold
15th Demi-Brigade de Ligne C/O 2046 2   veteran A 5/3/2   3 2
23rd Demi-Brigade de Ligne C/O 1456 1   veteran A 3/2/1   2 1
Foot Artillery FA 8 x 6 pdr     veteran   1      
3
Brigade Desperrieres competent, bold
76th Demi-Brigade de Ligne C/O 2337 2   veteran A 5/3/2   3 2
103rd Demi-Brigade de Ligne C/O 1643 1   veteran A 4/3/1   2 1
3
Brigade Joba competent, bold
19th cavalry & 13th Dragoons MC 618 1   veteran A 3/2/-      
8th Chasseurs a cheval LC 487 1   trained A 2/-/1     1
Horse Artillery HA 7 x 6 pdr     veteran   1      
1
Division Legrand superior, bold
Brigade Salligny competent, bold
16th Demi-Brigade de Ligne C/O 2072 1   veteran A 4/3/1   2 1
42nd Demi-Brigade de Ligne C/O 2043 1   veteran A 4/3/1   2 1
51st Demi-Brigade de Ligne C/O 2118 2   trained A 5/4/2   3 2
Foot Artillery FA 8 x 6 pdr     veteran   1      
4
Brigade Sabatier competent, bold
12th cavalry MC 316 1   veteran A 1/-/-      
5th Chasseurs a cheval LC 574 1   veteran A 3/2/-      
16th Chasseurs a cheval LC 516 1   trained A 2/-/1     1
Horse Artillery HA 8 x 6 pdr     veteran   1      
1
Division Bastoul competent, bold
13th & 17th cavalry HC 658 2   veteran A 4/3/1     1
2nd Dragoons MC 686 2   trained A 4/3/2     2
Horse Artillery HA 8 x 6 pdr     veteran   1      
Foot Artillery FA 8 x 6 pdr     veteran   1      
3
Brigade Fauconnet competent, bold stationed in Isen
53rd Demi-Brigade de Ligne C/O 2007 1   veteran A 4/3/1   2 1
89th Demi-Brigade de Ligne C/O 2053 1   trained A 4/3/2   2 2
23rd Chasseurs a cheval LC 700 2   trained A 4/3/2     2
5
reserve artillery allocated to certain batteries to achieve numbers of guns
 
     
 
 
 
     
 
AUSTRIAN ARMY uses Prussian system Initiative 2
                    Army
  troop men sub bn status training stands + 1st  skir- Breaking
  type   units art?   class factors fire? mish? Point
C-in-C: Erzherzog Johann not represented although both EH Johann & Weyrother were brimming with  
Chief of Staff: Oberst Weyrother not represented confidence, both were conspicuous by the absence of their  
influence at the battle.  
 
1st COLUMN: FML Kollowrat competent, bold the column marches in the order shown below  
 
Advance Guard: GM Loepper poor, bold  
Volunteer Hussars LC 898 2   trained B 4/3/2     2
Benjowski IR 31 C/O 2597 3   trained B 6/5/3     3
Gyulai IR 60 C/O 2394 2   trained B 5/4/2     2
Hussar regiment Ferdinand LC 1205 2   veteran B 5/3/2     2
9
Grenadier Brigs Spannochi & Beyer
     GM Spannochi competent, bold
Grenadier bns Sebottendorf & Tegethoff C/O 1400 1 yes veteran B 3/2/-     0
Grenadier bns Vouvermans & Eichler C/O 1400 1 yes veteran B 3/2/-     0
Grenadier bns Eggerdes & de Ligne C/O 1400 1 yes veteran B 3/2/-     0
Grenadier bns Papp & Morwitz C/O 1400 1 yes veteran B 3/2/-     0
Bavarian Brigade GM Deroy competent, bold
Metzen Light inf & Reuss Grenadiers mix 1500 1   trained B 3/2/1   1 1
Minucci, Stengel & Schlossberg IR C/O 2250 2   trained B 5/4/2     2
Foot Artillery FA 9 x 6 pdr     veteran   1      
3
Bavarian Brigade GM Wrede competent, bold
Pompei & Preysing IR C/O 1500 1   trained B 3/2/1     1
Bureck & Dallwigk IR C/O 1500 1   trained B 3/2/1     1
Foot Artillery FA 9 x 6 pdr     veteran   1      
Uhlans LCL 828 2   trained B 4/3/2     2
Horse Artillery SHA 6 x 6 pdr     veteran   1      
4
Reserve artillery + officer poor, bold
Foot Artillery FA 10 x 12 pdr     veteran   1      
Horse Artillery SHA 6 x 6 pdr     veteran   1      
Kurassier Brigade GM Wolfskehl competent, bold
Hussar regiment Vecsey LC 1189 2   veteran B 5/3/2     2
Kurassier regt Albert HCC 900 2   trained B 4/3/2     2
Kurassier regt Lotharingen HCC 900 2   veteran B 4/3/1     1
5
 
     
 
2nd COLUMN: FZM Baillet poor, cautious the column marches in the order shown below
Division FML Hessen-Homburg competent, bold
Brigade GM O'Donel competent, cautious
Oliver Wallis IR C/O 2108 2 yes trained B 5/4/2     2
Lacy IR 22 C/O 1999 2 yes trained B 4/3/2     2
2
Dragoon regiment Ferdinand MC 900 2   trained B 4/3/2     2
Kurassier regt Nassau HCC 900 2   veteran B 4/3/1     1
Division FML Hohenlohe competent, bold
Brigade GM Majthany competent, bold
Brechainville IR 25 & de Vins IR 37 C/O 2403 3 yes trained B 6/5/3     3
Cavalry Brigade GM Esterhazy competent, bold
Dragoon regiment Latour MC 822 2   trained B 4/3/2     2
Kurassier regt Zeschwitz HCC 801 2   trained B 4/3/2     2
4
Reserve artillery + officer poor, bold
Foot Artillery FA 10 x 12 pdr     veteran   1      
Horse Artillery SHA 6 x 6 pdr     veteran   1      
3rd COLUMN: FZM Kienmayer competent, rash the column marches in the order shown below
Division FML Schwartzenberg competent, bold
Advance Guard: GM Frenel competent, bold
Siegenburg-Wallchisch &  S/O 900 2   trained B 2/-/1   all 1
   Peterwardiner Grenz                    
Dragoon regiment Coburg MC 900 2   trained B 4/3/2     2
Kurassier regt Mack HCC 890 2   trained B 4/3/2     2
5
Brigade GM Candiani competent, bold
Erzherzog Ferdinand IR 2 C/O 2696 3 yes trained B 6/5/3     3
Wurttemberg IR 38 C/O 1590 2 yes veteran B 4/3/1     1
4
Brigade GM Gavassini competent, bold
Beaulieu IR 58 C/O 1400 2 yes trained B 3/2/1     1
de Ligne IR 30 C/O 2000 3 yes trained B 5/4/2     2
Gemmingen IR 21 C/O 1988 3 yes trained B 4/3/2     2
Murray IR 55 C/O 1400 2 yes veteran B 3/2/-      
Clerfayt IR 9 C/O 1400 2 yes trained B 3/2/1     1
6
Reserve artillery + officer poor, bold
Foot Artillery FA 10 x 12 pdr     veteran   1      
Horse Artillery SHA 6 x 6 pdr     veteran   1      
Division Erzherzog Ferdinand competent, bold
Dragoon regiment 13 MC 900 2   trained B 4/3/2     2
Kurassier regt Kaiser HCC 910 2   veteran B 4/3/1     1
Gradiskaner & Peterwardiner Grenz S/O 900 2   trained B 2/-/1   all 1
Wenkheim IR 35 C/O 1994 2 yes trained B 5/4/2     2
Stain IR C/O 2003 2 yes trained B 5/4/2     2
5
4th COLUMN: FZM Riesch poor, cautious the column marches in the order shown below
Brigade GM Klein competent, bold
Colloredo IR 56 C/O 2114 2 yes trained B 5/4/2     2
Erzherzog Karl IR 3 C/O 2090 2 yes veteran B 5/3/2     2
4
Brigade GM Görger competent, bold
Dragoon regiment Waldeck MC 888 2   trained B 4/3/2     2
Kurassier regt Anspach HCC 911 2   veteran B 4/3/1     1
3
Brigade GM Leuwen competent, bold
Manfreddini IR 12 C/O 2107 2 yes trained B 5/4/2     2
Kaunitz IR C/O 2105 2 yes trained B 5/4/2     2
4
Brigade GM Stahel competent, bold
Dragoon regiment Kinsky MC 478 1   trained B 2/-/1     1
Kurassier regt Franz-Mailand HCC 855 2   trained B 4/3/2     2
3
 
 
 
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