Battle of Zornoza    
  31 October 1808   scale: 1:60, weather = fine, start: 8am, dark: 7pm, time scale: 1 game turn = 30 min
 

Background:
After Blake failed to attack Merlin and Verdier, he remained stationary in a forward position at Zornoza. Merlin and Verdier were recalled to their parent formations on the Ebro after new reinforcements under Marshal Lefebvre took post opposite Blake. The French were now in a good position to attack Blake frontally while also cutting his line of retreat and capturing his entire force. But the Marshals opposed this plan by King Joseph on the grounds that Napoleon was due to arrive at the front in person and would then direct operations himself. No decisive maneuvers were to be undertaken. The old veteran Lefebvre however could not resist the prospect of an independent command in a large open battle and on 31 October he attacked Blake. He only managed to inflict a minor defeat on Blake however and in the process forced the Spanish general to retreat, thereby unwittingly preventing Napoleon from encircling him in the mountains and taking his entire army prisoner. Napoleon was furious with the Marshal's disregard for orders. Blake's army had been reinforced by the 1st Catalonia light infantry, come up from la Romana's troops after their amazing escape from Denmark. We have attached this to the advanced guard where the 2nd Catalonia light infantry was doing service.

Game notes:
The battlefield was covered in early-morning mist, allowing the French to close with the Spanish army unseen. As a result, the nearest French division starts the game 250mm away from the first Spanish line, with each successive division 50mm further back. These are the positions when the mist is deemed to have cleared. The stream is fordable throughout.

Objective:
French: decisively defeat Blake
Spanish: avoid a decisive defeat

Historical outcome:
Despite his better troops, Lefebvre could not prevent the Spanish from withdrawing in good order after engaging at first. The outcome was a drawn battle, although the Spanish performed admirably and Lefebvre disapointingly.

 
     
 
FRENCH ARMY uses French system Initiative 3
                    Army
  troop men sub bn status training stands + 1st  skir- Breaking
  type   units art?   class factors fire? mish? Point
 
C-in-C: Marshal Lefebvre competent, rash  
ADC competent, bold  
 
IV CORPS  
1st DIVISION  
Gnl de Division Sebastiani competent, bold  
Brigade Roguet  
28th Ligne C/O 950 1   veteran A 5/3/2   3 2
32nd Ligne C/O 1700 2   veteran A 9/6/4   5 4
Brigade Pouzet  
58th Ligne C/O 1480 2   veteran A 8/5/3   4 3
75th Ligne C/O 1040 1   veteran A 5/3/2   3 2
Divisional Artillery  
Foot Artillery FA 6 x 12 pdr     veteran   1      
Foot Artillery FA 6 x 4 pdr     veteran   1      
11
2nd DIVISION
Gnl de Division Leval competent, bold
Brigade Scheffer
2nd Nassau regiment C/O 1280 2   trained B 7/5/4   1 4
Baden regiment C/O 1750 2   veteran A 9/6/4   2 4
Baden Foot Artillery FA 6 x 6 pdr     veteran   1      
Brigade  
Hesse-Darmstadt regiment C/O 1450 2   trained B 8/6/4   1 4
Frankfurt battalion C/O 750 1   trained B 4/3/2     2
Hesse-Darmstadt Foot Artillery FA 6 x 6 pdr     veteran   1      
Brigade Chasse  
Dutch regiment C/O 1100 2   trained B 6/5/3   1 3
17
Attached Cavalry
5th Dragoons MC 500 2   trained B 5/4/2     2
3rd Dutch Hussars LC 400 2   trained B 4/3/2     2
4
Attached DIVISION Villatte (I Corps)
Gnl de Division Villatte superior, bold
Brigade Pacthod
27th Legere S/O 1570 2   veteran A 8/5/3   all 3
63rd Ligne C/O 1280 2   veteran A 7/5/3   4 3
7/1st Foot Artillery FA 6 x 6 pdr     veteran   1      
Brigade Puthoc  
94th Ligne C/O 1670 2   veteran A 9/6/4   5 4
95th Ligne C/O 1450 3   veteran A 8/5/3   4 3
6/8th Foot Artillery FA 6 x 6 pdr     veteran   1      
13
 
     
 
SPANISH ARMY of GALICIA uses Prussian system Initiative 1
                    Army
  troop men sub bn status training stands + 1st  skir- Breaking
  type   units art?   class factors fire? mish? Point
 
C-in-C: Gnl Blake poor, cautious  
 
Advance Guard   
Gnl Mendizabel competent, bold  
2nd Catalonia light inf  S/O 570 1   trained B 3/2/1   all 1
1st Catalonia light infantry S/O 1060 1   trained B 6/5/3   all 3
Volunteers of Navarre C/O 570 1   trained B 3/2/1     1
United Grenadiers C/O 1140 1   trained B 6/5/3     3
Saragossa regt C/O 570 1   trained B 3/2/1     1
1 Battery Foot Artillery FA 6 x 6 pdr     veteran   1      
9
First Division
General Figueroa competent, bold
Rey infantry regt C/O 1140 1   trained B 6/5/3     3
Majorca infantry regt C/O 570 1   trained B 3/2/1     1
Hibernia infantry regt C/O 570 1   trained B 3/2/1     1
United light companies S/O 570 1   trained B 3/2/1   all 1
Mondonedo & Bn Literario  C/O 1140 1   conscr B 6/5/4     4
10
Third Division
Marquis Riquelme poor, bold
Gerona light inf regt S/O 685 1   trained B 4/3/2   all 2
Seville inf regt C/O 1350 2   trained B 7/5/4     3
Marines C/O 2050 3   trained B 11/8/6     6
Compostella Militia C/O 685 1   conscr B 4/-/3     3
14
Fourth Division
Gnl Carbajal competent/bold
Barbastro light & Aragon line inf regt  mix 700 1   trained B 4/3/2   2 2
Principe inf regt C/O 700 1   trained B 4/3/2     2
Toledo inf regt  C/O 700 1   trained B 4/3/2     2
United Grenadiers C/O 700 1   trained B 4/3/2     2
Lugo and Santiago Militia C/O 700 1   conscr B 4/-/3     3
11
Reserve Division
Gnl Mahy poor, bold
Volunteers of the Crown C/O 600 1   trained B 3/2/1     1
United grenadiers C/O 600 1   trained B 3/2/1     1
Militia grenadiers + bn del general C/O 1800 2   conscr B 10/8/6     6
8
 
 
 
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