Sicily - Athens at the gate   1 unit = 250 HI, 125 LH,
  3 - Epipolae 414BC   160 LMI or Cav, 80 LI
 
Despite the reverse at the Anapus River, Syracuse's morale remained unbroken and when the Athenians started building walls of circumvallation, the Syracusans built counterwalls, sortied against their enemy and fought them in a number of set-piece battles, during one of which the Athenian general Lamachus was killed. The Syracusans were beaten each time however and their fighting spirit ultimately crumbled to an all-time low. Corinth had meanwhile urged to go to its colony's aid and had beseeched Sparta to join it on such an expedition. But Sparta expected war with Argos and chose to keep its manpower at home. Still, it agreed to release Gylippus to lead the expedition and a fleet of 18 ships set off to reinforce Syracuse. As fate would have it, 4 of the Corynthian ships sailed into the harbour of Syracuse at the very moment that the latter was discussing terms of a peace proposal with the Athenians. Upon further hearing that Gylippus was marching overland from Himera, where he had landed, with the balance of the reinforcements and any additional troops he had collected on the way, the council suspended all talk of peace and decided to renew the war. Due to Athenian carelessness, Gylippus slipped into Syracuse at the head of a sizeable army and promptly took over the defence of the city. His first battle ended in failure, but he addressed the defeated Syracusans and to his credit accepted the blame: his tactics, and not the troops' Dorian fighting spirit, had cost them the battle. This frank approach heartened the soldiers and they were soon ready to take the field again. This time Gylippus made certain that his deployment was impeccable. From an Athenian perspective, the ongoing resilience of the Syracusans had become a cause for grave concern. Try as they may, they could not break their spirit, while their own forces dwindled. But they had succeeded in increasing their cavalry strength. The armies stood poised to decide the outcome of the campaign.
 
     
 
Game notes
The Epipolae is a escarpment that rises to the North West of Syracuse. The Athenian wall of circumvallation had started creeping up to its top, while the the Syracusan counter wall was well on its way to intercepting it. Cretan archers can give rear support to the Athenian hoplites in front. Any allied generals are reliable.
 
     
 
Deployment
As per map
 
     
 
Historical outcome
Despite initial Athenian success at driving their opponents back, the Syracusan line held and the latter's cavalry overwhelmed their opponents, subsequently crashing into the left flank of the Athenian phalanx, following which the entire line fled in panic. Sensing he had no chance of achieving his objective, Nicias sent word to Athens of the defeat and asked to be allowed to withdraw, or reinforced, and quoting ill health.
 
     
 
ATHENIAN ARMY Greece and Danube - list 60
Command: +2 Army demoralisation value: 40,5
  Command 1         command strength 16
CinC Nicias Included simple  +0 CP Range: 4UD      
units Troop description type Quality move strength Range M ft M mtd Abilities & notes
8 2000 Athenian hoplites* HI spear Ordinary 2UD 5   4 5 armour
6 450 Cretan archers LI bow Elite 3UD 2 2UD 2 1  -1 fire; evade
2 280 cavalry MC Ordinary 4UD 4   3 3 no armour; evade
  Command 2         command strength 4,5
Sub Mercenary general Included competent  +1 CP Range: 6UD      
units Troop description type Quality move strength Range M ft M mtd Abilities & notes
3 750 Argive & Mantinean hoplites* HI spear Ordinary 2UD 5   4 5 armour
1 100 Megaran javelinmen LI javelin Ordinary 3UD 2 1UD 2 1  -1 fire; +1 javelin vs LI & LH; evade
  Command 3         command strength 20
Sub Allied general Included competent  +1 CP Range: 6UD      
units Troop description type Quality move strength Range M ft M mtd Abilities & notes
2 500 - the best of allied hoplites* HI spear Elite 2UD 5   4 5 armour
4 1000 other allied hoplites HI spear Ordinary 2UD 5   4 5 armour
6 500 Rhodian slingers LI sling Elite 3UD 2 2UD 2 1  -1 fire; evade
3 550 Egestan and Siculi cavalry MC Ordinary 4UD 4   3 3 no armour; evade
 
     
 
SYRACUSAN ARMY Syracusan - list 50
Command: +5 Army demoralisation value: 56,5
  Command 1         command strength 17
CinC Gylippus Included brilliant  +2 CP Range: 8UD      
units Troop description type Quality move strength Range M ft M mtd Abilities & notes
3 700 Corynthian and related hoplites* HI spear Ordinary 2UD 5   4 5 armour
12 3000 other Sicilian hoplites HI spear Mediocre 2UD 5   4 5 armour
  Command 2         command strength 17
Sub Diomilus - Syracusan general Included competent  +1 CP Range: 6UD      
units Troop description type Quality move strength Range M ft M mtd Abilities & notes
2 600 elite Syracusan lochos* HI spear Elite 2UD 5   4 5 armour
10 2500 Sicilian hoplites HI spear Mediocre 2UD 5   4 5 armour
  Command 3         command strength 22,5
Sub Hermocrates - Syracusan gnl Included competent  +1 CP Range: 6UD      
units Troop description type Quality move strength Range M ft M mtd Abilities & notes
2 300 Syracusan cavalry HC Elite 4UD 5   3 3 armour; evade
3 500 Syracusan cavalry MC Ordinary 4UD 5   3 3 no armour; evade
2 400 Gelan & Selinuntian cavalry MC Ordinary 4UD 5   3 3 no armour; evade
6 900 Siculi warriors LMI javelinmen Ordinary 3UD 4 1UD 3 2 no armour; evade
8 650 skirmishers with javelin LI javelin Ordinary 3UD 2 1UD 2 1  -1 fire; +1 javelin vs LI & LH; evade
5 400 archers and slingers LI bow, sling Elite 3UD 2 2UD 2 1  -1 fire; evade
 
     
 
 
Download scenario here